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THE IMPACT OF LOANS TO SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISES: THE CASE STUDY OF VIET NAM

Vietnam- The Netherlands programme for M.A in Development Economics 

BY : BUI THI HONG CHINH - VNP 22

SUPERVISOR: Dr. NGUYEN THI THUY LINH

 

After a period of growth and affected by the crisis, Vietnam's economy has decreased. Hundreds of thousands of small and medium-sized enterprises went bankrupt and shut down. Loan is a solution for business to expand scale, increase sales and profits, but it can create jobs, increase salaries to improve social welfare or not? To verify that argument, the author uses the PSM method and combines with DD on the SME data set from 2009 to 2013 to more accurately assess the impact of the loans.

The results show that loans do not have the effect of improving employee incomes, as well as creating more jobs. In addition, the loans from informal sources with low cost do not help enterprises to expand their operations because of the small scale. Loans from official sources are large scale, but the high costs overwhelm profits. Moreover, the impact of formal loans also causes businesses to reduce their jobs. The topic also shows other factors such as export, type of ownership, scale, technique, entrepreneurial qualification that affects to the labour costs and the numbers of employees.

JEL classifications: D02, D21, D24, D25, G32, G34, G38

KEYWORDS: SMEs, loans to SMEs, the labour costs, the number of employees, treat, interact, the type of credit, PSM and DD.